Robert Morris was born in Kansas City, Missouri, USA, in 1931. He studied at the Kansas City Art Institute and the University of Kansas City from 1948 to 1950, at the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco from 1950 to 1951, and at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, USA, from 1953 to 1955. He moved to New York City in 1961 and earned a Master of Arts degree in art history from Hunter College in New York in 1963.
He participated in major and group exhibitions internationally, including the 39th Biennale di Venezia, Italy in 1980, documenta 8 in 1987, documenta 6 in 1977, and documenta 4, Kassel, Germany in 1968. Important solo exhibitions were dedicated to him in 1971 by the Tate Gallery, London, Great Britain, in 1995 by the Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany, and in 2005 by the Centro per l'Arte Contemporanea Luigi Pecci, Prato, Italy. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York presented a comprehensive retrospective in 1994. Robert Morris lived and worked in New York, where he died in 2018.
Robert Morris was a U.S. sculptor, conceptual artist, and author. He is one of the main representatives of minimalism, created installations and contributed to the development of performance and land art with his artistic work based on process.read more read less